Development and optimization of integrated methodologies for decentralized household wastewater management with zero environmental and energy footprint and validation at real scale
A methodology for cost efficient and environmental friendly management of household wastewater in rural areas was developed based on natural processes using higher plants and microorganisms. An interdisciplinary approach was adopted based on the monitoring of physicochemical and biological parameters, toxicity assessment and mathematical modeling. Solutions for the recovery of resources (nutrients and water) and energy were identified contributing to the sustainability of the proposed process.
The research results of a Balkan Med Interreg project on constructed wetland (CW) optimization were applied at real scale for the decentralized treatment of municipal wastewater. Two free surface horizontal flow CWs, in Greece and Cyprus, were constructed/upgraded and operated, adapted to the distinct geographical and climatic characteristics of Greece and Cyprus.
Dailianis, S., Charalampous, N., Giokas, S., Vlastos D., Dormousoglou M. , Cocilovo C., Faggio C. , Shehu A., Shehu J., Lyberatos, G., Ntaikou, I. (2021) Chemical and biological tracking in decentralized sanitation systems: The case of artificial constructed wetlands. Journal of Environmental management, 300, 113799. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.113799